the incumbents from 2012
Vidhan Sabha Seats by Party
The Uttarakhand Vidhan Sabha consists of 70 seats for each of the states representatives. The current chief minister of Uttarakhand is Harish Rawat, a member of the Indian National Congress (INC). The INC had won the most recent elections in the state in 2012, with then state party leader Vijay Bahuguna becoming Chief Minister. However, he was told by the INC to resign as Chief Minister in 2013 and so in early 2014 and Harish Rawat would take charge. Uttarakhand was also under President’s Rule, after a dispute over the state’s budget bill would result in the matter going to the Supreme Court.
Vote Share by Party (in %)
The party currently in power within the national government, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), held power prior to the 2002 elections but were ousted after an electoral defeat with the INC taking the victory in the first elections of 2002. They would lose the elections in 2007 however, with the BJP entering power once again. 2012 would then see the INC winning again. As such, there has been an anti-incumbent streak in Uttarakhand’s elections. Also, unlike many other Indian states, there haven’t been any regional/state level political parties who have held much sway in the state.
According to the India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), Uttarakhand has been one of the fastest growing Indian states. Its gross state domestic product was estimated to be $23 billion while its net state domestic product was estimated to be at $20 billion in 2014/15, both rising by $3 billion since the previous year. Furthermore, given the abundance of tourist locations, the tourism industry, along with the hydropower and agriculture industries are strong sectors for the Uttarakhand economy.
As of the 2011 Census, Uttarakhand had a population exceeding 10 million folks, with 30.5% of the population living in urban areas and the remaining 60.5% residing in rural areas. There were a total of 963 females for every 1000 males, with the census indicating that rural areas had an even sex ratio. The overall literacy rate for the state was 79.6%, with the male literacy rate standing at 88.3% and the female literacy rate standing at 70.7%.
The state’s population consisted of 72.12% Hindus and 10.12% Muslims as of 2014. Meanwhile, scheduled castes made up 18.93% of the population and scheduled tribes, 2.92% of the population. Languages spoken in the state include Hindi, English, Garhwali and Kumaoni. Meanwhile, Sanskrit is also considered an official language of the state.