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Narendra Modi was elected Prime Minister of India in May 2014 with the election campaign slogan, “Minimum government, Maximum governance.” The rise to power of a center-right, business-friendly government, whose leader promised transformational change, was welcomed not only in India but also around the world. Modi’s record as chief minister of his home state, Gujarat, reflected his support for private enterprise. Moreover, his no-nonsense style of government was expected to rid India of a burdensome bureaucracy created by India’s socialist legacy. Observers anticipated a new India that would move towards an open, non-paternalistic society that would focus on economics rather than identity politics