the incumbents from 2012

Vidhan Sabha Seats by Party

The Punjab Vidhan Sabha consists of 117 seats for each of the states representatives. 

The current chief minister is Parkash Singh Badal, who is the leader of the Shiromani Akali Dal (S.A.D.), the party with the largest number of seats in the Vidhan Sabha. The SAD, in order to gain a majority rules alongside the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) through a coalition.

Vote Share by Party (in %)

Historically, the BJP has never fared well in Punjab’s elections, with the Indian National Congress (I.N.C.) and the Shiromani Akali Dal (S.A.D) being the major parties in the state. 2017 will also see Delhi chief minister, Arvind Kejriwal's Aam Aadmi Party contesting in Punjab's Vidhan Sabha elections for the first time in their short history, with the latest round of opinion polls showing promise for the young party.

Elections were held in Punjab on the 4th of February. The results are expected to be announced on the 11th of March.

                                                                                   Source: Election Commission of India


Punjab’s gross domestic product in the year 2014-15 was $57.7 billion. Punjab was a major factor during the Green Revolution and the agricultural sector remains an important part of Punjab’s economy. Despite only occupying a 1.5% of India’s territory, Punjab produces 17% of India’s wheat and 11% of India’s rice. The industrial sector also plays a massive role in Punjab’s economy, with the India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) ranking it as the best state in India for infrastructure facilities. Punjab has also been declared as the state with the most ease of doing business in India, according to a study by the World Bank and KPMG.


According to the 2011 Indian census, the population of Punjab is slightly more than 27.7 million people, with 52.8% of the population being male and 47.8% of the population being female. Punjab has a population density of 550 people per square kilometer. It’s literacy rate stands at 76.7% with males having an 81.5% literacy rate and females having a 71.3% literacy rate. Meanwhile, the urban-rural split of the population stands at 62.5-32.5%.

The major languages spoken in Punjab include Punjabi, Hindi and English. Punjab is the only Sikh majority state in India, with 57.6% of the population being Sikh and Hindus making up 38.4% of the population. Other religions include Islam and Christianity, with 1.9% of the population being Muslim and 1.3% of the population Christian.