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The administrative zone Seti is located in Western Nepal. Seti is composed of five districts: Bajhang, Bajura, Doti, Achham, and Kailali. Seti is part of the Far Western development region, which spreads over Terai, Hill and Mountain territories. Since the new constitution implemented in 2015, Nepal is a federal state divided into seven provinces. Seti is part of Province No. 7.


1,557,003 people live in Seti. The most populated district is Kailali with 775,709 (378,417 men and 397,292 women) inhabitants.  257,477 people (120,008 men and 137,469 women) live in Achham; 211,746 people (97,252 men and 114,494 women) live in Doti; 195,159 (92,794 men and 102,365 women) people live in Bajhang; and 134,912 (65,806 men and 69,106 women) people live in Bajura.

Figures for the Seti administrative zone are not available, but the Central Bureau of Statistics of Nepal provides data for the Far Western development region of which Seti is part.

In 2015, in the Far Western development region, out of  2,552,517 people, 2,481,805 were Hindus, 27,806 were Christians (mainly living in Kailali district), 27,303 were Buddhists (mainly living in Kailali district), 5,961 were Muslims, and 5,685 were Prakritis.

In 2010, the main ethnicities represented in the Far western population were Chetree, with above 1 million people from this descent, Tharu, with above 400,000 people from this descent, and Brahman, with above 300,000 people from this descent.  

The main languages spoken in 2010 were Nepali, Tharu, and Doteli.

The literacy rate was 54.1 percent in 2008.  



The Far Western development region, of which Seti is part, contributes very little to Nepal’s foreign trade. It accounts for 0.8 percent of Nepal’s exports and 0.898 percent of its imports.

In 2010, the mean income per household was 144,030 Nepalese Rupees and the mean income per capita was NRs 28,584.

The unemployment rate in 2010 was 1.6 percent.  

The poverty rate in 2008 was 45.61 percent.  

The Far Western development region is mainly agricultural. Out of 954,636 workers, 728,701 are employed in the agriculture sector, 30,718 in manufacturing, and 39,079 in wholesale and retail trade. 90.1 percent of households of the region were involved in agricultural activities in 2010. 85 percent of them cultivated paddy, 89 percent wheat and 85.2 percent maize.

In 2008, 35.2 percent of the population had migrated out of the region. This migration induced a large scope of remittances. In 2010, 60 percent of households received remittances. The share of remittances on their income was 26.6 percent.

Seti’s has been the focus of development efforts by the Nepalese government. An integrated development scheme will be implemented in Province no. 7, of which Seti is part, to improve development in many areas, ranging from health to tourism.



In the latest local elections, the Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist-Leninist (CPN-UML) won a short majority of seats in Province no. 7, with 39 seats compared to 38 for the Nepali Congress. In the Seti zone, the CPN-UML won in Bahjang, Doti and Kailali districts, while the Nepali Congress won in Bajura and Accham districts. These elections marked a shift for the Nepali Congress, which lost in a region where it usually wielded a certain influence.


Further readings:

Mahendra Lawoti, Susan Hangen (2013) Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict in Nepal: Identities and Mobilization After 1990, Routledge

V. R. Raghavan (2013) Nepal as a Federal State: Lessons from Indian Experience, Vij Books India Pvt Ltd

John Whelpton (2005) A History of Nepal, Cambridge University Press