Andhra Pradesh

Introduction

Andhra Pradesh is located on the southweastern coast of India and is the eighth largest state by area. The state is bordered by Telangana in the north-west, Chhattisgarh in the north, Odisha in the north-east, Karnataka in the west, Tamil Nadu in the south, and Bay of Bengal in the east. Telangana was originally a region within Andhra Pradesh, but in 2014, it became its own state. The capital of both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh is Hyderabad.

Demographics

The majority of the population in Andhra Pradesh follows Hinduism (around 88.46%), followed by Islam (9.56%). Other religions that are practiced include Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism, and Buddhism. Out of the total population in the state, less than half (around 33%) live in urban regions. According to the 2011 census, the urban population increased by 33% in the last ten years. The average literacy in the state in the urban regions stood at about 80%, in which males were 85.79% literate while female literacy stood at 73.31%.

Economy

The economy of Andhra Pradesh is primarily fueled by agriculture, industry, and the service sectors. Other key industries include biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, tourism, gems, and jewelry. Andhra Pradesh’s gross state domestic product (GSDP) was estimated to be around $85.8 billion over 2014-15. The average annual GSDP growth rate was 11% between 2004-05 and 2014-15.  For FY 2015-16, the state government proposed a budget of $18.75 billion, with special emphasis on education, the energy sector, irrigation, and rural development.

Politics

The government of Andhra Pradesh consists of 175 members of the legislative assembly (MLAs) for a five-year term. It is a democratically elected body, with the Governor as the constitutional head. The Governor, in turn, appoints the Chief Minister and his council of ministers. The current Governor is Ekkadu Srnivasan Lakshmi Narashimhan and the Chief Minister is N. Chandrababu Naidu. The Andhra Pradesh Legislature is bicameral consisting of the Legislative Assembly (175 MLAs) and the Legislative Council (56 MLCs or members of the legislative council).

 Suggested Readings:

 A State in Periodic Crises: Andhra Pradesh by BPR Vithal

Precolonial India in Practice: Society, Region, and Identity in Medieval Andhraby Cynthia Talbot

Socio-Economic Profile of Agricultural Labour in Navya Andhra Pradeshby Talluri Joseph Exodus