Himachal Pradesh


Himachal Pradesh is located in north India. The state is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir in the north, Punjab in the west, Haryana in the south-west, and Uttarakhand in the south-east. Himachal Pradesh is known for its hill stations, landscapes, and temples. The capital is Shimla.


The majority of the population in Himachal Pradesh follows Hinduism (around 95.17%, followed by Islam (2.18%). Other religions that are practiced include Jainism, Sikhism, Christianity, and Buddhism. According to a 2011 census, the total population of Himachal Pradesh formed 0.57 percent of India; in 2001, it was 0.59 percent. The average literary rate for urban regions stood at 91.10%, in which males were 93.42% literate while female literacy stood at 74.25%. 


Himachal Pradesh is one of the fastest growing states in India. Between 2004-05 and 2014-15, the gross state domestic product (GSDP) grew at a compound annual rate of 10.2%. The economy is primarily fueled by textiles, pharmaceuticals, and tourism. Other key industries include light engineering, IT, electronics, and hydropower. The state accounts for almost 25% of India’s total hydro power potential.


The government of Himachal Pradesh consists of an executive branch (led by the Governor), a judiciary, and a legislative branch. The governor, considered the head of state, is appointed by the President of India. The current Governor is Acharya Dev Vrat, and the Chief Minister is Virbhadra Singh. The capital, Shimla, houses the Vidhan Sabha (the legislative) and the secretariat.


Suggested Readings:

People of India: Himachal Pradesh by K.S. Singh and B.R. Sharma

Social, Cultural, and Economic History of Himachal Pradesh by Manjit Singh Ahluwalia

Industrialization in Himachal Pradesh by Rashmi Chaudhray, S.S. Narta, Yasmin Janjhua