Arunachal Pradesh

Introduction

Arunachal Pradesh is the northeastern-most state of the Republic of India. The capital of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar. Due to its position in India, the only other Indian states that it borders are Assam and Nagaland to the south. Furthermore, it borders China to its north, Myanmar to the east, and Bhutan on its eastern border.

Demographics

This state has a population of about 1.4 million Indians, with men slightly outnumbering women, according to India’s 2011 census. Of this population, around 73% of the males are literate while 58% of the females are literate. This was an increase of 9% and 14% for the male and female populations respectively since the 2001 census was taken. Regarding the religions of Arunachal Pradesh, the most prevalent religion is Christianity with 30% of the population practicing. Other religions include Hinduism with 29%, Buddhism at 12%, Islam at 2%, and other minority religions constituting the rest.

Economy

Due to the large amount of land and forestry present in Arunachal Pradesh, agriculture is the most important industry in the state. Also important are industries related to the forest, employing large numbers of people as well. Outside of these industries, tea, cement, and petrochemicals are also significant producers of employment.

Political Parties

The government of Arunachal Pradesh currently has 60 members in its legislature, which is unicameral. It has been that way since the State of Arunachal Pradesh was formally established in 1987. Some of the major political parties of the state include the Arunachal Congress, Arunachal Congress (Mithi), Bharatiya Janata Party or the BJP. Most recently, Kalikho Pul became the newest Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh, who received the support of several different political parties, including the aforementioned BJP, among others.

Arunachal Pradesh had their first governing council established in 1975 due to the 37th Constitutional Amendment Act 1975 and a Lieutenant Governor was appointed for the state. This council then went on to have 23 members by 1978, which is when the state had their first elected Legislative Assembly. This elected Assembly, however, actually consisted of 30 elected and 3 nominated members. Despite this legislature having just been formed, it was dissolved in 1979, the only to be reinstated in 1980. Since then, the Legislative Assembly has been functioning in the state.

Suggested Reading

Sharma, Suresh K. Documents on North-East India: Arunachal Pradesh. [Mittal Publications, 2005].

Planning Commission. Arunachal Pradesh Development Report. [Academic Foundation, 2001].