Uttar Pradesh is a state in North India, located close to the national capital of New Delhi. It is a landlocked state, surrounded by the country of Nepal on the north, Uttarakhand and Himachal pradesh towards the northwest, the states of Chhatisgarh and Jharkhand to the southeast, the state of Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh on the south, and Rajasthan, Haryana, and Delhi on the west. It is a well-known tourist destination, mainly due to the presence of the famous monument, the Taj Mahal. Its capital is Lucknow. The official languages of the state are Hindi and Urdu. With the distinction of the most populous state of India, Uttar Pradesh has 75 districts.
The approximate population of Uttar Pradesh is 199 million, forming 16.5 percent of the total Indian population. The gender ratio of the state (per thousand males) is 912. The literacy rate in the state is 67.68 percent. The Hindu community forms the religious majority of the state, with 79.73 percent of the state population comprising members of the Hindu community, and the Muslim community forms the largest religious minority, at 19.26 percent. A higher percentage of the population is rural, at 77.73 percent, than urban (which is 22.27 percent).
Uttar Pradesh has a GSDP (at current prices) of Rs. 676083 crores, which is approximately $101.42 billion, and a growth rate (at current prices) of 13.16 percent. According to a state factsheet by UNDP, the largest contributor to the state GDP is the Service sector (65.22 percent), followed by the industrial sector (20.16 percent) and the agricultural sector (14.62 percent).
After india’s independence in 1947, the Indian National Congress was the ruling party in Uttar pradesh for many years, even with the presence of regional challengers such as the BSP and the Samajwadi Party that became popular in the 1990’s. It was only in 2007 that the BSP took control of the state government for the first time.
The ruling party in the state government is currently the Samajwadi Party, while the largest party in the opposition is Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). The current governor of the state is Ram Naik, and the current chief minister of the state is Akhilesh Yadav.
The tentative date for the next state election is set in 2017.
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