Jawzjan

Introduction:

Jawzjan (also spelled Jowzjan or Jozjan) is located in northern Afghanistan. It borders Turkmenistan, as well as the Afghan provinces of Faryab, Sari Ful and Balkh. Its capital is Shiberghan (also spelled Sheberghan).

The province is composed of 11 districts: Shiberghan, Khamyab, Qarqin, Aqcha, Maradyan, Fayzabad, Mingajik, Khaniqa, Khwajah Du Ko, QushTepa and Darzab.

Demographics:

The Central Statistics Organization (CSO) estimated that 559,691 people live in the province in 2017. Among them, 284,956 are men and 274,735 are women.

This population is mainly rural, with 437,836 people living in the countryside and 121,855 in urban areas.

The majority of people are from Turkmen and Uzbek origins, but other minorities of Tajik, Pashtun, Hazara, Arab, Sadat and Qazaq descent also live in Jawzjan.  

The literacy rate in 2011 was 16 percent.

 Economy:

The province is rich in natural gas. Gas wells have been constructed there and provide energy for the consumption of households and local industries.

80 percent of Jawzjan’s population works in agriculture. Farmers cultivate wheat, barley, corn and legumes, as well as may kinds of fruits.

The rest of the working population works in the artisanal handicraft production of carpets, rugs and pots, as well as in the copper and iron industries.

The latest figures for the unemployment rate date back to 2007 when it was 17 percent.

Politics:

The Governor of Jawzjan is Bemrad Kuwinli. He was appointed in 2013. He is not affiliated to any political party.

Both the Taliban and the Islamic State are active in Jawzjan, and have conducted attacks on civilians there.

Suggested Readings:

A guide to Government in Afghanistan (2004) Manning N., Evans A., Osmani Y., and Tully A., World Bank Publications

Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan (2011) Adamec L. W., Scarecrow Press; 4 ed