Faryab

Introduction

Located in Northern Afghanistan, the capital of Faryab Province is Maimana. The province consists of about 948,000 individuals according to the 2012-2013 Census conducted in Afghanistan. Bordering “Sar-i-Pul province to its east and southeast, Ghor to the south, [and] Badghis to its west”, Faryab also borders the Central Asian state of Turkmenistan to its north. Overall, the province is estimated to be about 27,922 square kilometers.

Demographics

Like most of northern Afghanistan, the ethnic backgrounds of the citizens of Faryab Province are Uzbek and Tajik as the majority, while Turkmen, Pashtun and Hazaras are respectively the other minor groups, reflecting the province’s close proximity to the Central Asian states of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan, despite the fact that it only borders the state of Turkmenistan. Meanwhile, in terms of the gender ratio, males and females are statistically close together, although females outnumber males, 483,800 females to 464,200 males. Dari and Uzbeki are the widely spoken languages in the province.

Economy

Currently in Faryab, the literacy rate of the entire population is “roughly less than 40%”. Although there are “430 schools (346 primary, 26 middle, and 31 high) in the province” according to the Regional Rural Economic Regeneration Strategies report, the fact that there is only one higher education institute (i.e. university-like institution) in the province means that students won’t have as many opportunities in the work force in the higher pay grade.

Meanwhile, much of the province is focused on carpet weaving and agriculture, with 65% of the population focusing on carpet weaving and 70% on agriculture. Copper, gold, and iron mining is also an important industry in the province, though not as much as agriculture and carpet weaving are. This is due to the violence plaguing the country, which has set these industries back. Some of the more popular and more-produced foods of the province include fruits (apples, peaches, etc.) and vegetables such as tomatoes; figs and dates are also heavily produced as well.

Political History

Similar to most provinces of Afghanistan, Faryab province has a system of tribal elders in place to help govern the province. The current governor of the province is Abdul Haq Shefaq. He believes that Afghanistan needs to have a strong relationship with the international community in order for Afghanistan, and thus Faryab to survive and thrive. Finally, with security, as with all provinces in Afghanistan, the security and law enforcement agencies are all governed and monitored through the Afghan National Police.

Suggested Readings

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: Afghanistan National Development Strategy. Faryab Province: Provincial Development Plan.

 

Gompelmann, Geert. Winning Hearts and Minds? Examining the Relationship between Aid and Security in Afghanistan’s Faryab Province. Tufts University: Feinstein International Center.